Earth observation (EO)

Remote sensing in combination with advanced analysis techniques have become a decision-supporting tool for humanitarian professionals due to its observational power, ubiquitous usage and availability. Remote sensing and related derived information products are complementary data sources to field-based surveys enriching the pool of spatially aware technologies for humanitarian relief support.

Remote sensing has the advantage of an objective imaging device that captures data over large areas under equal conditions. This is much like a ‘neutral’ observer’s camera, just covering a much larger extent, and taken from an orbital view. Thus, remote sensing entails a trend for a ‘democratizing tool’, designed to reveal the situation ‘as is’, non-distorted, non-manipulated, and potentially accessible to everyone.